Ultrasound-guided erector spinae plane block versus thoracic epidural analgesia: Postoperative pain management after Nuss repair for pectus excavatum

David P. Bliss, Thomas B. Strandness, Sarkis C. Derderian, Alexander M. Kaizer, David A. Partrick

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Scopus citations

Abstract

Aim of the Study: Postoperative pain management is a significant challenge in patients undergoing Nuss repair for pectus excavatum chest wall deformity. Therapeutic anesthetic options primarily include patient-controlled intravenous analgesia, thoracic epidural analgesia (TEA), and cryoanalgesia. However, TEA is limited to inpatient use and both TEA and cryoanalgesia can result in neurologic injury. The novel technique of ultrasound-guided erector spinae plane regional analgesia has been used recently in our patients undergoing the Nuss repair and has shown impressive pain relief, but without the potential complications of other modalities. Erector spinae plane block (ESPB) postoperative pain management outcomes were studied as compared to TEA. Methods: Thirty consecutive patients with severe pectus excavatum undergoing Nuss repair and placement of ultrasound-guided ESPB were each paired to a historical cohort control patient with TEA postoperative pain management. The cohort patient match was defined by age (± 2 years), gender, and CT pectus index (± 15%). Study variables included hospital length of stay (LOS), pain scores, and pain medication usage. Results: Pain scores as measured by area under the curve per hour (Day 1: 2.72 (SD = 1.37) vs. 3.90 (SD = 1.81), P = 0.006; Day 2: 2.83 (SD = 1.32) vs. 3.97 (SD = 1.82), P = 0.007) and oral morphine equivalent (OME) pain medication usage (Day 1: 11.9 (SD = 4.9) vs 56.0 (SD = 32.2), P < 0.001; Day 2: 14.7 (SD = 7.1) vs. 38.0 (SD = 21.7), P < 0.001) were higher for the first two postoperative days in the ESPB group. However, mean hospital LOS was nearly one day shorter for ESPB patients (3.78 (SD = 0.82) vs. 2.90 (SD = 0.87), P < 0.001) who were discharged home with the catheter in place until removal, typically at 5–7 days postoperatively. Conclusion: Ultrasound-guided ESPB is thus a feasible, safe, and effective alternative to TEA in postoperative pain management after Nuss repair and results in decreased hospital stay. Level of evidence: III

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)207-212
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Pediatric Surgery
Volume57
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 2022
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Erector spinae plane block
  • Nuss repair

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Surgery

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