Ultrasound-guided fine-needle aspiration biopsy of thyroid nodules smaller than 5 mm in the maximum diameter: Assessment of efficacy and pathological findings

Wook Kim Dong, Whan Park Auh, Joo Lee Eun, Jung Choo Hye, Hyo Kim Sang, Hyub Lee Sang, Wook Eom Jae

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

22 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective: The aim of this study was to determine the efficacy of the use of an ultrasound-guided fine-needle aspiration biopsy (US-FNAB) to diagnose thyroid nodules smaller than 5 mm in the maximum diameter and to evaluate pathological findings of small thyroid malignancies. Materials and Methods: From May 2007 to April 2008, we evaluated the findings of US-FNABs of small thyroid nodules less than 5 mm in the maximum diameter. The cytopathological findings were retrospectively reviewed and the diagnostic performance of the use of an US-FNAB was examined in all patients. Results: Of 201 small thyroid nodules in 180 patients, there were 162 adequate specimens (81%). Among 180 patients, 75 patients underwent thyroid surgery and 50 malignant and 33 benign nodules were identified based on a pathological examination. All small malignant thyroid nodules were identified as papillary thyroid microcarcinomas (PTMCs). There were 34 (55%) true positive, 0 (0%) false positive, 23 (37%) true negative and five (8%) false negative results for malignancy after performing a first US-FNAB in 62 surgically confirmed nodules. The sensitivity (87%), specificity (100%), positive predictive value (100%), negative predictive value (82%), accuracy (92%), false positive rate (0%) and false negative rate (8%) for an US-FNAB were determined. In 23 patients with a primary PTMC, capsular invasion (9%, 2 of 23), a perithyroidal lymph node metastasis (30%, 7 of 23), the rate of multifocality (9%, 2 of 23) and bilaterality (4%, 1 of 23) were also determined. Conclusion: An US-FNAB of thyroid nodules smaller than 5 mm in the maximum diameter is an effective diagnostic procedure.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)435-440
Number of pages6
JournalKorean Journal of Radiology
Volume10
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 2009
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Fine-needle biopsies
  • Microcarcinoma
  • Thyroid, nodule
  • Ultrasound (US)

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging

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