Umbilical cord lesions in early intrauterine fetal demise

Vivekanand Singh, Sufia Khanum, Meenal Singh

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

22 Scopus citations


Context. - The cause for intrauterine fetal demise (IUFD) occurring in early gestation in a high percentage of spontaneous abortions is unknown. Objective. - To determine the association, if any, of umbilical cord abnormalities with early IUFD. Design. - All cases of IUFD occurring within 16 weeks of gestation that presented to our hospitals between August 1998 and July 2001 were prospectively studied. Once the fetal demise was diagnosed, pregnancy was terminated by medical induction, such that the products of conception were largely delivered intact. Cases with an intact umbilical cord connecting the fetus and placenta were considered in the study, whereas disrupted cord and curettage material was excluded from the study. Results. - A total of 153 early IUFD cases were seen during the period of study. The medical induction yielded intact products of conception in 122 cases, whereas 31 cases had to be completed by curettage, as the expulsion of the conceptus was incomplete. Thirteen of the 122 IUFD cases showed abnormalities of the umbilical cord. The cord lesions most frequently encountered were constriction and coiling abnormalities. Other lesions seen included hemorrhage, thrombosis, edema, and amniotic band. Conclusions. - A significantly high number (10.7%) of IUFD in early gestation are associated with umbilical cord abnormalities. Routine assessment of umbilical cords in early pregnancy might help to detect pregnancies at risk.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)850-853
Number of pages4
JournalArchives of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine
Issue number7
StatePublished - Jul 1 2003
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pathology and Forensic Medicine
  • Medical Laboratory Technology


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