Uncoupling gene activity from chromatin structure

Promoter mutations can inactivate transcription of the yeast HSP82 gene without eliminating nucleosome-free regions

Myeong Sok Lee, William T. Garrard

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

26 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

DNase I-hypersensitive sites represent "nucleosome-free" regions in chromatin where the underlying DNA sequence is highly accessible to trans-acting proteins. Here we demonstrate that it is possible to uncouple gene activity from hypersensitive site formation. Point or substitution mutations were introduced into the promoter of the yeast chromosomal HSP82 gene, encoding the 83-kDa heat shock protein (HSP), via site-directed integration. Mutating either the TATA box or heat shock element 1 (HSE1) significantly reduced basal and heat-induced transcription while mutating both essentially inactivated expression. Dormant transcription units exhibited arrays of sequence-positioned nucleosomes; nevertheless, the inactivated genes still retained a hypersensitive site within their mutated promoters. In addition, all yeast strains maintained a heat-inducible hypersensitive site at -600 base pairs (bp), while several mutant strains converted a constitutive hypersensitive site at -300 bp into a heat-inducible one. Thus, mutations in cis-acting elements within a promoter can inactivate transcription without eliminating nucleosome-free regions.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)9166-9170
Number of pages5
JournalProceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Volume89
Issue number19
StatePublished - Oct 1 1992

Fingerprint

Nucleosomes
Chromatin
Hot Temperature
Yeasts
Mutation
Base Pairing
Genes
TATA Box
Deoxyribonuclease I
Heat-Shock Proteins
Shock
Proteins

Keywords

  • DNase I-hypersensitive sites
  • Gene regulation
  • Heat shock
  • Saccharomyces cerevisiae
  • Transcription factors

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Genetics
  • General

Cite this

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abstract = "DNase I-hypersensitive sites represent {"}nucleosome-free{"} regions in chromatin where the underlying DNA sequence is highly accessible to trans-acting proteins. Here we demonstrate that it is possible to uncouple gene activity from hypersensitive site formation. Point or substitution mutations were introduced into the promoter of the yeast chromosomal HSP82 gene, encoding the 83-kDa heat shock protein (HSP), via site-directed integration. Mutating either the TATA box or heat shock element 1 (HSE1) significantly reduced basal and heat-induced transcription while mutating both essentially inactivated expression. Dormant transcription units exhibited arrays of sequence-positioned nucleosomes; nevertheless, the inactivated genes still retained a hypersensitive site within their mutated promoters. In addition, all yeast strains maintained a heat-inducible hypersensitive site at -600 base pairs (bp), while several mutant strains converted a constitutive hypersensitive site at -300 bp into a heat-inducible one. Thus, mutations in cis-acting elements within a promoter can inactivate transcription without eliminating nucleosome-free regions.",
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N2 - DNase I-hypersensitive sites represent "nucleosome-free" regions in chromatin where the underlying DNA sequence is highly accessible to trans-acting proteins. Here we demonstrate that it is possible to uncouple gene activity from hypersensitive site formation. Point or substitution mutations were introduced into the promoter of the yeast chromosomal HSP82 gene, encoding the 83-kDa heat shock protein (HSP), via site-directed integration. Mutating either the TATA box or heat shock element 1 (HSE1) significantly reduced basal and heat-induced transcription while mutating both essentially inactivated expression. Dormant transcription units exhibited arrays of sequence-positioned nucleosomes; nevertheless, the inactivated genes still retained a hypersensitive site within their mutated promoters. In addition, all yeast strains maintained a heat-inducible hypersensitive site at -600 base pairs (bp), while several mutant strains converted a constitutive hypersensitive site at -300 bp into a heat-inducible one. Thus, mutations in cis-acting elements within a promoter can inactivate transcription without eliminating nucleosome-free regions.

AB - DNase I-hypersensitive sites represent "nucleosome-free" regions in chromatin where the underlying DNA sequence is highly accessible to trans-acting proteins. Here we demonstrate that it is possible to uncouple gene activity from hypersensitive site formation. Point or substitution mutations were introduced into the promoter of the yeast chromosomal HSP82 gene, encoding the 83-kDa heat shock protein (HSP), via site-directed integration. Mutating either the TATA box or heat shock element 1 (HSE1) significantly reduced basal and heat-induced transcription while mutating both essentially inactivated expression. Dormant transcription units exhibited arrays of sequence-positioned nucleosomes; nevertheless, the inactivated genes still retained a hypersensitive site within their mutated promoters. In addition, all yeast strains maintained a heat-inducible hypersensitive site at -600 base pairs (bp), while several mutant strains converted a constitutive hypersensitive site at -300 bp into a heat-inducible one. Thus, mutations in cis-acting elements within a promoter can inactivate transcription without eliminating nucleosome-free regions.

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