Unrepaired clustered DNA lesions induce chromosome breakage in human cells

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144 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Clustered DNA damage induced by ionizing radiation is refractory to repair and may trigger carcinogenic events for reasons that are not well understood. Here, we used an in situ method to directly monitor induction and repair of clustered DNA lesions in individual cells. We showed, consistent with biophysical modeling, that the kinetics of loss of clustered DNA lesions was substantially compromised in human fibroblasts. The unique spatial distribution of different types of DNA lesions within the clustered damages, but not the physical location of these damages within the subnuclear domains, determined the cellular ability to repair the damage. We then examined checkpoint arrest mechanisms and yield of gross chromosomal aberrations. Induction of nonrepairable clustered damage affected only G2 accumulation but not the early G2/M checkpoint. Further, cells that were released from the G2/M checkpoint with unrepaired clustered damage manifested a spectrum of chromosome aberrations in mitosis. Difficulties associated with clustered DNA damage repair and checkpoint release before the completion of clustered DNA damage repair appear to promote genome instability that may lead to carcinogenesis.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)8293-8298
Number of pages6
JournalProceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Volume108
Issue number20
DOIs
StatePublished - May 17 2011

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Chromosome Breakage
DNA Repair
DNA Damage
Chromosome Aberrations
DNA
Genomic Instability
Ionizing Radiation
Mitosis
Carcinogenesis
Fibroblasts

Keywords

  • 53BP1
  • Heterochromatin
  • High charge and energy particles
  • High linear energy transfer
  • Ionizing radiation induced foci

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General

Cite this

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title = "Unrepaired clustered DNA lesions induce chromosome breakage in human cells",
abstract = "Clustered DNA damage induced by ionizing radiation is refractory to repair and may trigger carcinogenic events for reasons that are not well understood. Here, we used an in situ method to directly monitor induction and repair of clustered DNA lesions in individual cells. We showed, consistent with biophysical modeling, that the kinetics of loss of clustered DNA lesions was substantially compromised in human fibroblasts. The unique spatial distribution of different types of DNA lesions within the clustered damages, but not the physical location of these damages within the subnuclear domains, determined the cellular ability to repair the damage. We then examined checkpoint arrest mechanisms and yield of gross chromosomal aberrations. Induction of nonrepairable clustered damage affected only G2 accumulation but not the early G2/M checkpoint. Further, cells that were released from the G2/M checkpoint with unrepaired clustered damage manifested a spectrum of chromosome aberrations in mitosis. Difficulties associated with clustered DNA damage repair and checkpoint release before the completion of clustered DNA damage repair appear to promote genome instability that may lead to carcinogenesis.",
keywords = "53BP1, Heterochromatin, High charge and energy particles, High linear energy transfer, Ionizing radiation induced foci",
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AU - Asaithamby, Aroumougame

AU - Hu, Burong

AU - Chen, David J.

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N2 - Clustered DNA damage induced by ionizing radiation is refractory to repair and may trigger carcinogenic events for reasons that are not well understood. Here, we used an in situ method to directly monitor induction and repair of clustered DNA lesions in individual cells. We showed, consistent with biophysical modeling, that the kinetics of loss of clustered DNA lesions was substantially compromised in human fibroblasts. The unique spatial distribution of different types of DNA lesions within the clustered damages, but not the physical location of these damages within the subnuclear domains, determined the cellular ability to repair the damage. We then examined checkpoint arrest mechanisms and yield of gross chromosomal aberrations. Induction of nonrepairable clustered damage affected only G2 accumulation but not the early G2/M checkpoint. Further, cells that were released from the G2/M checkpoint with unrepaired clustered damage manifested a spectrum of chromosome aberrations in mitosis. Difficulties associated with clustered DNA damage repair and checkpoint release before the completion of clustered DNA damage repair appear to promote genome instability that may lead to carcinogenesis.

AB - Clustered DNA damage induced by ionizing radiation is refractory to repair and may trigger carcinogenic events for reasons that are not well understood. Here, we used an in situ method to directly monitor induction and repair of clustered DNA lesions in individual cells. We showed, consistent with biophysical modeling, that the kinetics of loss of clustered DNA lesions was substantially compromised in human fibroblasts. The unique spatial distribution of different types of DNA lesions within the clustered damages, but not the physical location of these damages within the subnuclear domains, determined the cellular ability to repair the damage. We then examined checkpoint arrest mechanisms and yield of gross chromosomal aberrations. Induction of nonrepairable clustered damage affected only G2 accumulation but not the early G2/M checkpoint. Further, cells that were released from the G2/M checkpoint with unrepaired clustered damage manifested a spectrum of chromosome aberrations in mitosis. Difficulties associated with clustered DNA damage repair and checkpoint release before the completion of clustered DNA damage repair appear to promote genome instability that may lead to carcinogenesis.

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KW - Heterochromatin

KW - High charge and energy particles

KW - High linear energy transfer

KW - Ionizing radiation induced foci

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