One hundred and seventy consecutive multiple trauma victims were studied postmortem by radiography and direct inspection t autopsy for the presence of cervial spine injuries. Of the total 38 fractures and/or dislocations, eight had bilateral edicle fractures of the axis. Only atlanto-occipital dislocations were more frequently encountered. Dissection of six of the eight spines with hangman's fractures showed variable osseous and ligamentous injuries. In only two of the eight cases wee significant ligamentous structures sufficiently intact to prevent gross displacement on flexion and extension. In threeof the specimens complete laceration of the upper cervical spinal cord was found. Unstable hangman's fractures are a commn fatal cervical spine injury in multiple trauma victims.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||Clinical orthopaedics and related research|
|State||Published - Jan 1 1981|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Orthopedics and Sports Medicine