Update from the 5th Edition of the World Health Organization Classification of Head and Neck Tumors: Nasal Cavity, Paranasal Sinuses and Skull Base

Lester D.R. Thompson, Justin A. Bishop

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

The World Health Organization Classification of Head and Neck Tumours recently published the 5th edition. There are new entities, emerging entities, and significant updates to the taxonomy and characterization of tumor and tumor-like lesions, specifically in this article as it relates to nasal cavity, paranasal sinuses and skull base. Importantly, the number of diagnostic entries has been reduced by creating category-specific chapters for soft tissue, hematolymphoid, melanocytic, neuroectodermal, and metastatic tumors. Bone and salivary gland tumors are also not separately reported in the sinonasal tract, but included in the jaw and salivary gland sections, respectively. Repetition of characteristic entities in each anatomic site was also reduced, instead highlighting only the unique features in each anatomic site. Two new entities (SWI/SNF complex-deficient sinonasal carcinomas and HPV-related multiphenotypic sinonasal carcinoma) will be highlighted in this review, with a discussion of several emerging entities. There is a short description of updated information for all 24 diagnostic entities included in this edition to allow the reader a snapshot of current state of knowledge, but to encourage more investigation and further broaden understanding of these diverse and rare entities.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalHead and Neck Pathology
Volume16
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 2022

Keywords

  • Carcinoma
  • Immunohistochemistry
  • Nasal cavity
  • Papillomavirus neoplasms
  • Paranasal sinus neoplasms
  • Paranasal sinuses
  • Skull base
  • SWI/SNF complex
  • World Health Organization

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pathology and Forensic Medicine
  • Otorhinolaryngology
  • Oncology

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