Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) plays an increasingly important role in the non-invasive evaluation of the pulmonary vasculature. MR angiographic (MRA) techniques provide morphological information, while MR perfusion techniques provide functional information of the pulmonary vasculature. Contrast-enhanced MRA can be performed at high spatial resolution using 3D T1-weighted spoiled gradient echo sequence or at high temporal resolution using time-resolved techniques. Non-contrast MRA can be performed using 3D steady state free precession, double inversion fast spin echo, time of flight or phase contrast sequences. MR perfusion can be done using dynamic contrast-enhanced technique or using non-contrast techniques such as arterial spin labelling and time-resolved imaging of lungs during free breathing with Fourier decomposition analysis. MRI is used in the evaluation of acute and chronic pulmonary embolism, pulmonary hypertension and other vascular abnormalities, congenital anomalies and neoplasms. In this article, we review the different MR techniques used in the evaluation of pulmonary vasculature and its clinical applications.
- MR angiography
- MR perfusion
- Pulmonary embolus
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine