Upper-Extremity Phlegmasia Cerulea Dolens with Compartment Syndrome in Coronavirus Disease 2019 Sepsis

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Abstract

A 54-year-old woman with leukemia presented with coronavirus disease 2019 and a right upper-extremity indwelling peripherally inserted central catheter line for chemotherapy administration. On hospital admission day 9, she developed acute right upper-extremity edema and pain. Ultrasound demonstrated complete superficial and deep venous thrombosis up to the proximal subclavian vein. Her examination result was consistent with acute phlegmasia cerulea dolens and compartment syndrome, but respiratory instability prevented transfer and vascular surgery intervention. Instead, we performed bedside fasciotomies and administered therapeutic heparin, and the limb was salvaged. This case underscores the potential for successful limb salvage in patients with phlegmasia in the setting of coronavirus disease 2019 via compartment release and therapeutic anticoagulation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalJournal of Hand Surgery
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - 2021

Keywords

  • COVID-19 limb ischemia
  • Compartment syndrome
  • limb salvage
  • phlegmasia cerulea dolens
  • upper-extremity fasciotomies

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine

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