Antiplatelet therapy with aspirin has been shown to reduce adverse outcomes in patients with coronary artery disease (CAD). Aspirin irreversibly inhibits platelet cyclooxygenase-1 and attenuates thromboxane A2 (TXA2)–mediated platelet aggregation, but there is variable suppression of cyclooxygenase-1. From a cohort of patients with stable CAD, we performed blinded, detailed chart abstraction, and measured urinary 11-dehydro-thromboxane B2 (11dhTxB2), an inactive metabolite of TxA2 from frozen samples. There were 327 men (73%) and 122 women (27%) with a mean age (±SD) of 67 ± 10 and 65 ± 10 years, respectively. A positive linear trend for age was observed among tertiles of 11dhTxB2 (p trend = 0.01). Higher proportions of women (p = 0.001), chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (p trend = 0.0003), and heart failure (p trend = 0.003) were observed in the upper tertile of 11dhTxB2. Sixty-seven patients (14.9%) died over a median follow-up of 1,149 days and 87.5% of the deaths were due to cardiovascular causes. Twenty-six nonsurvivors (38.8%) were treated with P2Y12 receptor antagonists versus 161 survivors (42.2%; p = 0.61). By stepwise Cox proportional hazards analysis, we identified that patients in the middle (hazard ratio 7.14; 95% CI 2.46 to 20.68) and upper tertiles (hazard ratio 9.91; 95% CI 3.45 to 28.50) had higher risks for mortality after adjusting for age and co-morbidities. In conclusion, urinary concentration of 11dhTxB2 was a strong independent risk factor for all-cause mortality among patients with stable CAD on aspirin therapy and may be a marker for patients with CAD who require more intensive secondary prevention measures.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine