Urodynamic Effects of Once Daily Tadalafil in Men With Lower Urinary Tract Symptoms Secondary to Clinical Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia: A Randomized, Placebo Controlled 12-Week Clinical Trial

Roger Dmochowski, Claus Roehrborn, Suzanne Klise, Lei Xu, Jed Kaminetsky, Stephen Kraus

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76 Scopus citations

Abstract

Purpose: We explored the impact of once daily tadalafil on urodynamic measures in men with lower urinary tract symptoms secondary to clinical benign prostatic hyperplasia via invasive and noninvasive urodynamic studies. Materials and Methods: We conducted a multicenter, randomized, double blind, placebo controlled clinical trial comparing once daily tadalafil 20 mg vs placebo during 12 weeks in men with lower urinary tract symptoms secondary to clinical benign prostatic hyperplasia with or without bladder outlet obstruction. Invasive and noninvasive urodynamics, International Prostate Symptom Score and general safety were assessed. The primary study end point was change in detrusor pressure at maximum urinary flow rate. Results: Urodynamic measures remained largely unchanged during the study with no statistically significant or clinically adverse difference between tadalafil and placebo in change in detrusor pressure at maximum urinary flow rate (mean difference between treatments -2.2 cm H2O, p = 0.33) or any other urodynamic parameter assessed including maximum urinary flow rate, maximum detrusor pressure, bladder outlet obstruction index or bladder capacity (all measures p ≥0.13). Treatment with tadalafil resulted in significant improvements in International Prostate Symptom Score (mean difference between treatments -4.2, p <0.001). Tadalafil was generally well tolerated with the majority of adverse events being mild to moderate in severity and few patients discontinuing due to adverse events (tadalafil 2.0%, placebo 1.0%). Conclusions: Treatment with tadalafil once daily for lower urinary tract symptoms secondary to clinical benign prostatic hyperplasia showed no negative impact on bladder function as measured by detrusor pressure at maximum urinary flow rate or on any other urodynamic parameter assessed. Nonetheless men receiving tadalafil reported significant improvements in International Prostate Symptom Score with an adverse events profile similar to other recent studies of tadalafil for lower urinary tract symptoms secondary to clinical benign prostatic hyperplasia.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1092-1097
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Urology
Volume183
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2010

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Keywords

  • phosphodiesterase inhibitors
  • prostatic hyperplasia
  • urinary bladder neck obstruction
  • urodynamics

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Urology

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