Of 505 consecutive renal transplants urologic complications occurred in 4.1 per cent of cadaver, 2.6 per cent of living related, 1.9 per cent of diabetic and 3.8 per cent of nondiabetic allografts. Over-all, patient survival and graft salvage rates were 94 and 83 per cent, respectively. Principles of prevention, diagnosis and management of these complications are discussed. In contrast to prior standards the bladder catheter was removed within 36 hours postoperatively in nearly all cases without any increase in morbidity.
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