Objective: To assess urology program directors’ (PDs) perception of pregnancy during residency training. Methods: A 30 question anonymous survey was sent to 142 urology PDs regarding their demographics, program information, institution policies, and self-reported opinions. Results were assessed via descriptive analysis. Results: A total of 63 PDs responded with a response rate of 44%: 19% were female, 73% between 40 and 59 years of age, and 91% had children. A minority (17%) of programs had 40% or more female residents. 37% of PDs had never had a pregnant resident during their time as PD while 57% had 1 to 5 pregnant residents. On multivariate analysis, PDs age > 60 years or PD having their first child when > 30 years old were predictors for poor support of maternity leave. The majority of PDs felt their program was better/much better at being supportive toward maternity leave compared to other surgical specialties at their institution. Only 21% of PDs felt that taking maternity leave burdened other residents unfairly. Of respondents, 62% felt prepared/completely prepared to advise residents on pregnancy during residency. However, 91% of PDs affirmed it would be helpful to have formal policies in place regarding maternity/paternity leave. Conclusion: While the majority of PDs do not have a negative perception of pregnancy during residency, a small portion feels that pregnancy during residency is a burden on other residents. More than half of PDs feel prepared to discuss this issue with their residents. However, a large majority would find formal policies helpful.
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