Use of breast surveillance between women with pathogenic variants and variants of uncertain significance in breast cancer susceptibility genes

Sukh Makhnoon, Minxing Chen, Brooke Levin, Megan Ensinger, Kristin D. Mattie, Generosa Grana, Sanjay Shete, Banu K. Arun, Susan K. Peterson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: Use of surveillance mammography and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) has been understudied among women with variant of uncertain significance (VUS) compared to pathogenic and likely pathogenic variants (P/LP). Methods: Using data from two cancer settings, we calculated use of risk-reducing mastectomy (RRM) and surveillance during each 13-month span after genetic testing up to 6 years afterwards for a cohort of genetically elevated risk women. Results: Of 889 women, VUS carriers were less likely to undergo RRM compared to those with P/LP (hazard ratio [HR], 0.17; p = <.001) and high-risk women were more likely to undergo RRM than average-risk women (HR, 3.91; p =.005). Longitudinally, surveillance use among unaffected women decreased from 49.8% in the first year to 31.2% in the sixth year after genetic testing. In comparison, a greater proportion of women with a personal history of breast cancer underwent surveillance, which increased from 59.3% in the first year to 63.6% in the sixth year after genetic testing. Mammography rates did not differ between women with P/LP and VUS within the first 13 months after genetic testing and up to 4 years afterward. Over the first 4 years after genetic testing, women with VUS were less likely to undergo annual MRIs compared to P/LP. Conclusion: The authors found that VUS, whether in high or moderate penetrance breast cancer susceptibility genes, was associated with lower use of annual breast MRI compared to P/LP variants and equivalent use of annual mammography. These results add important evidence regarding VUS-related breast surveillance.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalCancer
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - 2022
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • breast
  • cancer MRI
  • mammography
  • surveillance
  • variant of uncertain significance

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

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