Use of extended pattern technique for initial prostate biopsy

Wendy Siu, Rodney L. Dunn, Rajal B. Shah, John T. Wei

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

54 Scopus citations


Purpose: An extended prostate biopsy schema has been advocated at initial prostate biopsy to decrease the rate of false-negative cancer cases. However, critics have raised concerns that this may lead to the greater detection of clinically insignificant cancers. We examined the impact of using an extended pattern schema on cancer detection and also on the finding of smaller and clinically insignificant cancer. Materials and Methods: Clinical data, including patient age, race, prebiopsy prostate specific antigen (PSA), digital rectal examination, prostate volume, number of needle cores and biopsy findings were abstracted from the medical records of all patients who underwent prostate biopsy in a 5-year period. Extended pattern prostate biopsy was defined as more than 10 cores. Clinically insignificant cancer was defined as a maximal tumor dimension of 1.0 cm or less, Gleason sum 6 or less and organ confined disease at radical prostatectomy. Adjusted regression models were developed to assess the independent effects of using an extended biopsy pattern on the detection of cancer overall and on the detection of clinically insignificant cancer. Results: A total of 740 men with a mean age of 62.6 years were referred for prostate biopsy. Median PSA was 5.7 ng/ml and prostate volume was 39.7 cc. The OR for detecting prostate cancer was 1.55 (95% CI 1.09 to 2.19) for the extended pattern compared with standard biopsy. Of the subset of 136 patients who underwent radical prostatectomy 12.6% had clinically insignificant cancer. However, in contrast to overall cancer detection, extended pattern prostate biopsy was not found to be associated with an increased risk of detecting smaller or clinically insignificant cancer. PSA density was the single parameter found to be independently associated with the detection of clinically insignificant cancer (95% CI 0.20 to 0.98). Conclusions: Using an extended prostate biopsy pattern involving more than 10 cores increases the likelihood of detecting prostate cancer. A significant association between more needle cores at initial prostate biopsy and finding smaller and clinically insignificant cancer was not apparent.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)505-509
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Urology
Issue number2
StatePublished - Aug 2005
Externally publishedYes


  • Biopsy
  • Diagnosis
  • Prostate
  • Prostate-specific antigen
  • Prostatic neoplasms

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Urology


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