Use of neutral argon plasma in the laparoscopic treatment of endometriosis

Ceana Nezhat, Kimberly A. Kho, Vadim Morozov

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

34 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background and Objectives: To report the feasibility and safety of the use of a novel energy source that uses an electrically neutral beam of pure argon plasma for the laparoscopic management of endometriosis. Methods: In this prospective pilot study, 20 patients undergoing laparoscopic treatment of endometriosis were included. Characteristic endometriotic lesions throughout the pelvis were vaporized or resected using neutral argon plasma. Specimens were evaluated for the presence of endometriosis and thermal effects on tissue. The bases of the treated lesions were biopsied to determine whether residual endometriosis was present. Results: Neutral argon plasma was used in 18 of the 20 patients for laparoscopic treatment of pelvic endometriosis. All biopsies confirmed complete vaporization or resection with no residual endometriosis at the base. Endometriosis was identified on pathology in all lesions excised. Thermal effects did not interfere with histologic analysis in any of the lesions. No complications occurred. Conclusion: Neutral argon plasma can be utilized as a multi-functional device that has vaporization, coagulation, and superficial cutting capacities with minimal thermal spread and acceptable outcomes. The use of neutral argon plasma appears to be efficacious and safe for the complete treatment of endometriotic implants.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)479-483
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of the Society of Laparoendoscopic Surgeons
Volume13
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 1 2009

Keywords

  • Endometriosis
  • Excision of endometriosis
  • Neutral argon plasma
  • Vaporization of endometriosis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery

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