Use of panel tests in place of single gene tests in the cancer genetics clinic

A. Yorczyk, L. S. Robinson, Theodora S. Ross

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

30 Scopus citations

Abstract

Improved technology has made it possible to test for mutations within multiple genes simultaneously. It is not clear when these gene 'panels' should be used in the hereditary cancer setting. These analyses were intended to guide panel testing criteria. Offering hereditary panel testing as a first and final, 'single-tier', option was explored. A 'two-tiered' approach, in which panel testing is offered reflexively following stricter criteria, was then applied to the same data. Within our cohort of 105 patients, the single-tier approach was associated with a higher mutation detection rate (6.7% vs 3.8%) and variant of uncertain significance (VUS) rate (0.94 vs 0.23 average per person) compared to a two-tiered approach. Of the VUSs also identified in other patients by another lab, 53% were classified differently between laboratories. Individuals reporting African American race had more VUSs compared to other ancestry groups (p=0.001). The test cost for a single-tier test was 21% more than a two-tiered approach. Single-tier panel testing was associated with higher mutation and VUS rates, and there is inconsistent classification of the VUS/low penetrant genes between laboratories.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)278-282
Number of pages5
JournalClinical Genetics
Volume88
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1 2015

Keywords

  • Hereditary cancer
  • Next-generation sequencing
  • Panel testing

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Genetics
  • Genetics(clinical)

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