Study Design. Retrospective review. Objective. This study follows the inpatient-stay administrative data that were collected for a cohort of thousands of patients who had spine fusion surgery in the state of New York. We sought to examine adult spinal deformity (ASD) for reoperation events with and without the use of bone morphogenetic protein-2 (BMP). Summary of Background Data. Randomized controlled trials have suggested that BMP may increase the likelihood of solid arthrodesis in spinal surgery. This would imply fewer reoperations for pseudarthrosis, but small cohort sizes are inadequate to monitor these events. Methods. The 2008-2011 New York State Inpatient Database was queried using International Classification of Diseases, Ninth Revision, Clinical Modification codes. Patients age 21 years and older with a diagnosis of scoliosis and an index fusion of greater than 2 spinal motion segments were included. Patient identifiers and linkage variables were used to identify revisits. The relative risk of reoperation was calculated. The use of BMP at the initial inpatient stay was used to define the 2 cohorts for relative risk assessment. Results. A total of 3751 patients of ASD were identified in 2008. The use of BMP at the initial visit was performed at a rate of 37.6% for ASD. For posterior fusion cases longer than 8 levels, the rate of reoperation for a pseudarthrosis was 23.4%. For ASD fusions greater than 8 levels, the rate of reoperation for pseudarthrosis after using BMP at the index surgery was 5% and 33.9% when BMP was not used, a relative risk of 7.5 (P<0.001). Conclusion. Using relevant inhospital patient records from the New York State Inpatient Sample, we found a 7.5-fold decrease in the risk of reoperation for pseudarthrosis after long fusions when using BMP. Decreased reoperation rates are caused by the improved fusion with the use of BMP. If subsequent unnecessary hospitals stays can be avoided, the economics of BMP use should be reexamined.
- Adult spinal deformity
- Bone morphogenetic protein
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Orthopedics and Sports Medicine
- Clinical Neurology