Use of two dimensional semi-denaturing detergent agarose gel electrophoresis to confirm size heterogeneity of amyloid or amyloid-like fibers

Sarah Hanna-Addams, Zhigao Wang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Scopus citations


Amyloid or amyloid-like fibers have been associated with many human diseases, and are now being discovered to be important for many signaling pathways. The ability to readily detect the formation of these fibers under various experimental conditions is essential for understanding their potential function. Many methods have been used to detect the fibers, but not without some drawbacks. For example, electron microscopy (EM), or staining with Congo Red or Thioflavin T often requires purification of the fibers. On the other hand, semi-denaturing detergent agarose gel electrophoresis (SDD-AGE) allows detection of the SDS-resistant amyloid-like fibers in the cell extracts without purification. In addition, it allows the comparison of the size difference of the fibers. More importantly, it can be used to identify specific proteins within the fibers by Western blotting. It is less time consuming and more easily accessible to a wider number of labs. SDD-AGE results often show variable degree of heterogeneity. It raises the question whether part of the heterogeneity results from the dissociation of the protein complex during the electrophoresis in the presence of SDS. For this reason, we have employed a second dimension of SDD-AGE to determine if the size heterogeneity seen in SDD-AGE is truly a result of fiber heterogeneity in vivo and not a result of either degradation or dissociation of some of the proteins during electrophoresis. This method allows fast, qualitative confirmation that the amyloid or amyloid-like fibers are not partially dissociating during the SDD-AGE process.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numbere57498
JournalJournal of Visualized Experiments
Issue number134
StatePublished - Apr 26 2018



  • Amyloid
  • Amyloid-like
  • Biochemistry
  • Dissociation
  • Issue 134
  • Protein aggregate
  • Protein complex
  • Signaling
  • Size heterogeneity
  • Two-dimensional semi-denaturing detergent agarose gel electrophoresis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience(all)
  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
  • Immunology and Microbiology(all)

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