Utility of Electrocardiogram and Chest X-Ray for Preoperative Evaluation in Benign Hysterectomy

Nemi M. Shah, Neil Keshvani, Sandeep R. Das, Kimberly A. Kho

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Objective: The aims of this research were to evaluate concordance of practice patterns for preoperative electrocardiogram (EKG) and chest X-ray for benign hysterectomy with institutional and international guidelines, and to assess implications for perioperative management. Materials and Methods: For this retrospective cohort study (Canadian Task Force II-2), medical records of 587 women who underwent hysterectomy for benign indications at a single institution, from January 1 through December 31, 2016, were reviewed. Each EKG and chest X-ray (CXR) was evaluated for indications, concordance with institutional and with the United Kingdom's National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE) guidelines, results, effects on management, and association with perioperative complications. Descriptive statistics were used for analysis. Results: Subjects were, on average, 45 (range: 27-76) years old, with primarily Hispanic (58.4%) and black (30.0%) race. For 587 hysterectomies, 182 EKGs (31.0%) and 70 CXRs (11.9%) were ordered. EKG was indicated for s90 (49.5%) patients per institutional criteria and for 177 (97.3%) patients per NICE criteria. Findings were abnormal in 81 (44.5%) of 182 EKGs. Further work-up was pursued for 16 (19.8%) patients. There were 2 case delays, but no cancellations. Notable perioperative events included nonspecific EKG changes and airway edema in 2 patients with abnormal preoperative EKGs. Of 70 CXRs ordered, 17 (24.3%) were in concordance with institutional criteria. No CXRs were indicated per NICE criteria. There were abnormal findings on 10 (14.3%) chest X-rays. The anesthesia department was consulted for 1 patient. There were no case delays/cancellations or perioperative cardiopulmonary complications. Conclusions: Preoperative EKGs and CXRs offer little clinical utility for patients undergoing benign hysterectomy.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)218-223
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Gynecologic Surgery
Volume35
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 2019

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Hysterectomy
Electrocardiography
Thorax
X-Rays
National Institutes of Health (U.S.)
Delivery of Health Care
Hospital Anesthesia Department
Guidelines
Advisory Committees
Hispanic Americans
Medical Records
Edema
Cohort Studies
Retrospective Studies
Research

Keywords

  • benign gynecology
  • chest X-ray
  • electrocardiogram
  • preoperative testing

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Obstetrics and Gynecology

Cite this

Utility of Electrocardiogram and Chest X-Ray for Preoperative Evaluation in Benign Hysterectomy. / Shah, Nemi M.; Keshvani, Neil; Das, Sandeep R.; Kho, Kimberly A.

In: Journal of Gynecologic Surgery, Vol. 35, No. 4, 08.2019, p. 218-223.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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abstract = "Objective: The aims of this research were to evaluate concordance of practice patterns for preoperative electrocardiogram (EKG) and chest X-ray for benign hysterectomy with institutional and international guidelines, and to assess implications for perioperative management. Materials and Methods: For this retrospective cohort study (Canadian Task Force II-2), medical records of 587 women who underwent hysterectomy for benign indications at a single institution, from January 1 through December 31, 2016, were reviewed. Each EKG and chest X-ray (CXR) was evaluated for indications, concordance with institutional and with the United Kingdom's National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE) guidelines, results, effects on management, and association with perioperative complications. Descriptive statistics were used for analysis. Results: Subjects were, on average, 45 (range: 27-76) years old, with primarily Hispanic (58.4{\%}) and black (30.0{\%}) race. For 587 hysterectomies, 182 EKGs (31.0{\%}) and 70 CXRs (11.9{\%}) were ordered. EKG was indicated for s90 (49.5{\%}) patients per institutional criteria and for 177 (97.3{\%}) patients per NICE criteria. Findings were abnormal in 81 (44.5{\%}) of 182 EKGs. Further work-up was pursued for 16 (19.8{\%}) patients. There were 2 case delays, but no cancellations. Notable perioperative events included nonspecific EKG changes and airway edema in 2 patients with abnormal preoperative EKGs. Of 70 CXRs ordered, 17 (24.3{\%}) were in concordance with institutional criteria. No CXRs were indicated per NICE criteria. There were abnormal findings on 10 (14.3{\%}) chest X-rays. The anesthesia department was consulted for 1 patient. There were no case delays/cancellations or perioperative cardiopulmonary complications. Conclusions: Preoperative EKGs and CXRs offer little clinical utility for patients undergoing benign hysterectomy.",
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