Utilization of Visual Acuity Retroilluminated Charts for the Assessment of Afferent Visual System Dysfunction in a Pediatric Neuroimmunology Population

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Abstract

BACKGROUND: Visual acuity has been a significant outcome measure in clinical trials for patients suffering from neuro-ophthalmological diseases and multiple sclerosis; however, there are limited data on the comparison of various testing strategies in pediatric patients with these disorders. Clinical trials using vision as an outcome could include a variety of tools to assess the acuity, including 2-m and 4-m standardized retroilluminated charts. METHODS: We investigated the difference in Early Treatment Diabetic Retinopathy Study (ETDRS) scores obtained using 2-m and 4-m charts, as well as the impact of optic neuritis, use of vision correction, age, and gender on visual acuity data from 71 patients with pediatric neuroimmunological conditions in a cross-sectional study. RESULTS: We determine that the ETDRS letter scores obtained using 4-m charts are on average 3.43 points less (P = 0.0034) when testing monocular ETDRS letter scores and on average 4.14 points less (P = 0.0008) when testing binocular ETDRS letter scores, relative to that obtained using the 2-m charts. However, we find that when performing monocular testing, optic neuritis in the eye being tested did not result in a statistically significant difference between 2-m and 4-m ETDRS letter scores. CONCLUSIONS: Although visual acuity charts are formatted by the distance, there are significant differences in the number of letters correctly identified between 2-m and 4-m charts. Although the differences may not impact the clinical acuity, research protocols should consider these differences before collapsing data across disparate studies.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)19-23
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of neuro-ophthalmology : the official journal of the North American Neuro-Ophthalmology Society
Volume41
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1 2021

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

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