Validation of the HITS domestic violence screening tool with males

Amer Shakil, Smith Donald, James M. Sinacore, Martin Krepcho

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

28 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background and Objectives: To date, screening tools for domestic violence have been validated only for use with female patients. A four-item HITS (Hurt-Insult-Threaten-Scream) screening tool is one of those instruments. The purpose of the current research was to validate the HITS screening tool in a population of male patients. Methods: In Phase I of the study, 78 non-victim male subjects from an ambulatory clinic, a Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) clinic, or emergency room completed the HITS and the Conflict Tactics Scale to establish the concurrent validity of the HITS. In Phase II, Optimal Data Analysis® (ODA) was used to establish the construct validity of the HITS by identifying the score that reliably differentiated Phase I non-victims from 17 self-identified male victims of domestic violence. Results: Concurrent validity of the HITS was good. ODA found that the score of 11 on the HITS differentiated between non-victims and victims. Sensitivity and specificity were 88% and 97%, respectively. Predictive values were 97% for non-victims and 88% for victims. The positive and negative likelihood ratios were 34.41 and 0.12, respectively. Conclusions: HITS differentiated between male victimized respondents from non-victims in clinical settings.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)193-198
Number of pages6
JournalFamily Medicine
Volume37
Issue number3
StatePublished - Mar 2005

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Domestic Violence
Reproducibility of Results
Hospital Emergency Service
HIV
Sensitivity and Specificity
Research
Population

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

Cite this

Shakil, A., Donald, S., Sinacore, J. M., & Krepcho, M. (2005). Validation of the HITS domestic violence screening tool with males. Family Medicine, 37(3), 193-198.

Validation of the HITS domestic violence screening tool with males. / Shakil, Amer; Donald, Smith; Sinacore, James M.; Krepcho, Martin.

In: Family Medicine, Vol. 37, No. 3, 03.2005, p. 193-198.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Shakil, A, Donald, S, Sinacore, JM & Krepcho, M 2005, 'Validation of the HITS domestic violence screening tool with males', Family Medicine, vol. 37, no. 3, pp. 193-198.
Shakil A, Donald S, Sinacore JM, Krepcho M. Validation of the HITS domestic violence screening tool with males. Family Medicine. 2005 Mar;37(3):193-198.
Shakil, Amer ; Donald, Smith ; Sinacore, James M. ; Krepcho, Martin. / Validation of the HITS domestic violence screening tool with males. In: Family Medicine. 2005 ; Vol. 37, No. 3. pp. 193-198.
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