Background: It was recently demonstrated that the Clinical Dementia Rating scale Sum of Boxes (CDR-SB) score can be used to accurately stage severity of Alzheimer dementia and mild cognitive impairment (MCI). However, to our knowledge, the utility of those interpretive guidelines has not been cross-validated or applied to a heterogeneous sample of dementia cases. Objective: To cross-validate the staging guidelines proposed in a previous study using the National Alzheimer's Coordinating Center (NACC) database. Design: The previously published cut scores were applied to the NACC sample and diagnostic accuracy estimates obtained. Next, analyses were restricted to NACC participants with a CDR global score (CDR-GS) of 0.5 and receiver operating characteristic curves generated to determine optimal CDR-SB cut scores for distinguishing MCI from very early dementia. Setting: The 2008 NACC uniform data set. Participants: There were 12 462 participants (5115 controls; 2551 patients with MCI; 4796 patients with dementia, all etiologies) in the NACC data set used for the current analysis. Main Outcome Measure: Accurate prediction of diagnoses (MCI or dementia) using the CDR-SB score. Results: The previously proposed CDR-SB ranges successfully classified the vast majority of patients across all impairment ranges with a κ of 0.91 and 94% overall correct classification rate. Additionally, the CDR-SB score discriminated between patients diagnosed with MCI and dementia when CDR-GS was restricted to 0.5 (overall area under the curve=0.83). Conclusions: These findings cross-validate the previously published CDR-SB interpretative guidelines for staging dementia severity and extend those findings to a large heterogeneous sample of patients with dementia. Additionally, the CDR-SB scores distinguished MCI from dementia in patients with reasonable accuracy when CDR-GS was restricted to 0.5.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Arts and Humanities (miscellaneous)
- Clinical Neurology