Variation of bilateral transverse ligament tubercles with age and gender in a large series of subjects on multidetector computed tomography

Yongguang Ban, Qinhua Luan, Kai Liu, Ximing Wang, Bo Sun, Bin Zhao, Avneesh Chhabra

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: The transverse ligament tubercles play an important role in maintaining the stability of upper cervical spine, but the variation of these tubercles with aging has not been studied systematically. Purpose: To evaluate the variation of the height of the transverse ligament tubercles with respect to age and gender, and assess side-to-side differences on multidetector computed tomography (MDCT). Material and Methods: A consecutive series of 291 Chinese patients undergoing a head or neck MDCTwere divided into eight age groups. The bony anatomy of the atlas was displayed symmetrically by aligning the axial plane and the mean height of bilateral transverse ligament tubercles was measured. The height was correlated with age and gender and sideto-side differences were analyzed. Finally, the inter-observer performance was assessed. Results: No transverse ligament tubercles were seen in 51 cases (17.5%, 51/291) and unilateral transverse ligament tubercles were seen in two cases (0.7%, 2/291). Bilateral transverse ligament tubercles were observed in 238 cases (81.8%, 238/291). The average height of the left and right tubercles were 2.68=1.58mm and 2.68=1.54 mm, respectively, with no significant side-to-side differences (t0.061, P>0.05). The height was also similar in both genders (left: t0.497, P>0.05, right: t0.730, P>0.05). The height increased linearly with age (left: r0.513, P<0.05, right: r0.516, P<0.05). The inter-observer reliability was excellent. Conclusion: The height of the transverse ligament tubercles on MDCT linearly increases with increasing age with no significant differences among the genders or the side measured.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)721-725
Number of pages5
JournalActa Radiologica
Volume57
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2016

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Multidetector Computed Tomography
Ligaments
Atlases
Anatomy
Spine
Neck
Age Groups
Head

Keywords

  • Atlas
  • Height
  • Multidetector computed tomography (MDCT)
  • Spine
  • Transverse ligament tubercle

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiological and Ultrasound Technology
  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging

Cite this

Variation of bilateral transverse ligament tubercles with age and gender in a large series of subjects on multidetector computed tomography. / Ban, Yongguang; Luan, Qinhua; Liu, Kai; Wang, Ximing; Sun, Bo; Zhao, Bin; Chhabra, Avneesh.

In: Acta Radiologica, Vol. 57, No. 6, 01.01.2016, p. 721-725.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Ban, Yongguang ; Luan, Qinhua ; Liu, Kai ; Wang, Ximing ; Sun, Bo ; Zhao, Bin ; Chhabra, Avneesh. / Variation of bilateral transverse ligament tubercles with age and gender in a large series of subjects on multidetector computed tomography. In: Acta Radiologica. 2016 ; Vol. 57, No. 6. pp. 721-725.
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abstract = "Background: The transverse ligament tubercles play an important role in maintaining the stability of upper cervical spine, but the variation of these tubercles with aging has not been studied systematically. Purpose: To evaluate the variation of the height of the transverse ligament tubercles with respect to age and gender, and assess side-to-side differences on multidetector computed tomography (MDCT). Material and Methods: A consecutive series of 291 Chinese patients undergoing a head or neck MDCTwere divided into eight age groups. The bony anatomy of the atlas was displayed symmetrically by aligning the axial plane and the mean height of bilateral transverse ligament tubercles was measured. The height was correlated with age and gender and sideto-side differences were analyzed. Finally, the inter-observer performance was assessed. Results: No transverse ligament tubercles were seen in 51 cases (17.5{\%}, 51/291) and unilateral transverse ligament tubercles were seen in two cases (0.7{\%}, 2/291). Bilateral transverse ligament tubercles were observed in 238 cases (81.8{\%}, 238/291). The average height of the left and right tubercles were 2.68=1.58mm and 2.68=1.54 mm, respectively, with no significant side-to-side differences (t0.061, P>0.05). The height was also similar in both genders (left: t0.497, P>0.05, right: t0.730, P>0.05). The height increased linearly with age (left: r0.513, P<0.05, right: r0.516, P<0.05). The inter-observer reliability was excellent. Conclusion: The height of the transverse ligament tubercles on MDCT linearly increases with increasing age with no significant differences among the genders or the side measured.",
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T1 - Variation of bilateral transverse ligament tubercles with age and gender in a large series of subjects on multidetector computed tomography

AU - Ban, Yongguang

AU - Luan, Qinhua

AU - Liu, Kai

AU - Wang, Ximing

AU - Sun, Bo

AU - Zhao, Bin

AU - Chhabra, Avneesh

PY - 2016/1/1

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N2 - Background: The transverse ligament tubercles play an important role in maintaining the stability of upper cervical spine, but the variation of these tubercles with aging has not been studied systematically. Purpose: To evaluate the variation of the height of the transverse ligament tubercles with respect to age and gender, and assess side-to-side differences on multidetector computed tomography (MDCT). Material and Methods: A consecutive series of 291 Chinese patients undergoing a head or neck MDCTwere divided into eight age groups. The bony anatomy of the atlas was displayed symmetrically by aligning the axial plane and the mean height of bilateral transverse ligament tubercles was measured. The height was correlated with age and gender and sideto-side differences were analyzed. Finally, the inter-observer performance was assessed. Results: No transverse ligament tubercles were seen in 51 cases (17.5%, 51/291) and unilateral transverse ligament tubercles were seen in two cases (0.7%, 2/291). Bilateral transverse ligament tubercles were observed in 238 cases (81.8%, 238/291). The average height of the left and right tubercles were 2.68=1.58mm and 2.68=1.54 mm, respectively, with no significant side-to-side differences (t0.061, P>0.05). The height was also similar in both genders (left: t0.497, P>0.05, right: t0.730, P>0.05). The height increased linearly with age (left: r0.513, P<0.05, right: r0.516, P<0.05). The inter-observer reliability was excellent. Conclusion: The height of the transverse ligament tubercles on MDCT linearly increases with increasing age with no significant differences among the genders or the side measured.

AB - Background: The transverse ligament tubercles play an important role in maintaining the stability of upper cervical spine, but the variation of these tubercles with aging has not been studied systematically. Purpose: To evaluate the variation of the height of the transverse ligament tubercles with respect to age and gender, and assess side-to-side differences on multidetector computed tomography (MDCT). Material and Methods: A consecutive series of 291 Chinese patients undergoing a head or neck MDCTwere divided into eight age groups. The bony anatomy of the atlas was displayed symmetrically by aligning the axial plane and the mean height of bilateral transverse ligament tubercles was measured. The height was correlated with age and gender and sideto-side differences were analyzed. Finally, the inter-observer performance was assessed. Results: No transverse ligament tubercles were seen in 51 cases (17.5%, 51/291) and unilateral transverse ligament tubercles were seen in two cases (0.7%, 2/291). Bilateral transverse ligament tubercles were observed in 238 cases (81.8%, 238/291). The average height of the left and right tubercles were 2.68=1.58mm and 2.68=1.54 mm, respectively, with no significant side-to-side differences (t0.061, P>0.05). The height was also similar in both genders (left: t0.497, P>0.05, right: t0.730, P>0.05). The height increased linearly with age (left: r0.513, P<0.05, right: r0.516, P<0.05). The inter-observer reliability was excellent. Conclusion: The height of the transverse ligament tubercles on MDCT linearly increases with increasing age with no significant differences among the genders or the side measured.

KW - Atlas

KW - Height

KW - Multidetector computed tomography (MDCT)

KW - Spine

KW - Transverse ligament tubercle

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