Vascular and ureteral anatomy relative to the midsacral promontory

Meadow M. Good, Travis A. Abele, Sunil Balgobin, T. Ignacio Montoya, Donald McIntire, Marlene M. Corton

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

26 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective: The objective of the study was to further characterize the vascular and ureteral anatomy relative to the midsacral promontory, a landmark often used during sacrocolpopexy, and suggest strategies to avoid complications. Study Design: Distances between the right ureter, aortic bifurcation, and iliac vessels to the midsacral promontory were examined in 25 unembalmed female cadavers and 100 computed tomography (CT) studies. Data were analyzed using Pearson χ2, unpaired Student t test, and analysis of covariance. Results: The average distance between the midsacral promontory and right ureter was 2.7 cm (range, 1.6-3.8 cm) in cadavers and 2.9 cm (range, 1.7-5.0 cm) on CT (P =.209). The closest cephalad vessel to the promontory was the left common iliac vein, the average distance being 2.7 cm (range, 0.95-4.75 cm) in cadavers and 3.0 cm (range, 1.0-6.1 cm) on CT (P =.289). The closest vessel to the right of the promontory was the internal iliac artery, with the average distance of 2.5 cm (range, 1.4-3.9 cm) in cadavers and 2.2 cm (range, 1.2-3.9 cm) on CT (P =.015). The average distance from the promontory to the aortic bifurcation was 5.3 cm (range, 2.8-9.7 cm) in cadavers and 6.6 cm (range, 3.1-10.1 cm) on CT (P <.001). The average distance from the aortic bifurcation to the inferior margin of the left common iliac vein was 2.3 cm (range, 1.2-3.9 cm) in cadavers and 3.5 cm (range, 1.7-5.6 cm) on CT (P <.001). Conclusion: The right ureter, right common iliac artery, and left common iliac vein are found within 3 cm from the midsacral promontory. A thorough understanding of the extensive variability in vascular and ureteral anatomy relative to the midsacral promontory should help avoid serious intraoperative complications during sacrocolpopexy.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)486.e1-486.e7
JournalAmerican journal of obstetrics and gynecology
Volume208
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 2013

Keywords

  • sacral promontory
  • sacrocolpopexy
  • ureter
  • vascular anatomy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Obstetrics and Gynecology

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