Venous thromboembolic disease (VTE) remains the most common and potentially fatal complication following total knee replacement (TKR). Its incidence has been reported in excess of 50% if no prophylaxis is used. Even with current prophylaxis regimens, VTE incidence remains high in the range of 25% to 30%. Three prophylaxis regimens are recommended according to the guidelines put forth by the American College of Chest Physicians: 1) low-molecular-weight heparin, 2) indirect factor Xa inhibitor, and 3) adjusted-dose warfarin. Phase II and III clinical trials are currently underway to evaluate the efficacy and safety of newer antithrombotic agents as prophylaxis against VTE following TKR.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||5|
|Journal||Journal of surgical orthopaedic advances|
|State||Published - Jan 1 2007|
ASJC Scopus subject areas