Objective: To report outcomes of the anterior vaginal wall suspension (AVWS) procedure for stress urinary incontinence (SUI) and/or anterior compartment prolapse (POP), with minimum 10-year follow-up. Methods: Following institutional review board approval, a database of patients with > 10-year follow-up after AVWS for bothersome SUI with early stage anterior compartment prolapse (stage ≤ 2) or symptomatic anterior compartment prolapse (stage > 2) was reviewed. Preoperative evaluation included validated questionnaires [Urogenital Distress Inventory-Short Form (UDI-6), Incontinence Impact Questionnaire-Short Form (IIQ-7), quality of life (QoL)], Pelvic Organ Prolapse Quantification (POP-Q), and voiding cystourethrography. Follow-up data was based on clinic visits or telephone interviews for patients not seen in the past 2 years. Telephone interviews used validated questionnaires and were conducted by a third party not involved in patient care. Failure was defined as reoperation for SUI or POP. The influence of lost to follow-up (LTF) was also analyzed. Results: Between 1996 and 2008, 161 of 328 patients met study criteria, with follow-up from phone interviews (103) or clinic visits (58). The LTF patients were deceased (52), mentally disabled (5), or unreachable by telephone (110). Median follow-up was 13.5 years (IQR 11.5–17). Type of follow-up (clinic vs. phone) and uterine status (concomitant/prior/no hysterectomy) did not impact reoperation rates. Reoperation occurred in 23/161 (14%) and consisted of sacrocolpopexy (8), anterior colporrhaphy (5), injectable agents (8), fascial sling (2). Conclusions: The AVWS procedure to restore anterior vaginal support to the bladder neck and bladder base to correct SUI/POP can provide satisfactory and durable results.
- Anterior compartment prolapse
- Anterior vaginal wall suspension
- Native tissue repair
- Stress urinary incontinence
- Very long-term follow-up
ASJC Scopus subject areas