Vesicovaginal fistula

Clifford Y. Wai, Amanda B. White

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Genitourinary fistula, an abnormal communication between the urinary (ureters, bladder, urethra) and the genital (uterus, cervix, vagina) systems is a serious problem that is associated with quality of life issues, hygiene, social outcasting, has legal ramifications, and potential exposure for additional surgery. Although the true incidence of genitourinary fistulae is unknown, the general consensus is approximately 0.1-2%. The clinical presentation varies, but most present with continuous leakage within days to weeks after the initial insult. The cause is due to obstetric trauma in developing countries and surgical injury in developed parts of the world. The diagnosis is achieved from a thorough history and physical. In addition to the 'tampon' test, radiologic tests provide confirmation, localization and characterization of the fistula. A trial of conservative management including continuous urinary catheter drainage is warranted, especially if the fistula is small and diagnosed early. Surgical management varies and may be approached laparoscopically, vaginally, or abdominally depending on the characteristics of the fistula and expertise of the surgeon. The optimal route of repair has not been determined. However, the basic principles remain the same: hemostasis, layered closure, tension-free repair and continuous post-operative bladder drainage.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)155-162
Number of pages8
JournalCurrent Women's Health Reviews
Volume2
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - May 2006

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Vesicovaginal Fistula
Fistula
Drainage
Urinary Bladder
Urinary Catheters
Intraoperative Complications
Vagina
Urethra
Ureter
Hemostasis
Hygiene
Cervix Uteri
Developing Countries
Obstetrics
Consensus
History
Communication
Quality of Life
Incidence
Wounds and Injuries

Keywords

  • Bladder injury
  • Genitourinary fistula
  • Latzko
  • Obstetric trauma
  • Urinary tract trauma
  • Vesicovaginal fistula

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Obstetrics and Gynecology

Cite this

Vesicovaginal fistula. / Wai, Clifford Y.; White, Amanda B.

In: Current Women's Health Reviews, Vol. 2, No. 2, 05.2006, p. 155-162.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Wai, Clifford Y. ; White, Amanda B. / Vesicovaginal fistula. In: Current Women's Health Reviews. 2006 ; Vol. 2, No. 2. pp. 155-162.
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