As influenza-A viruses (IAV) replicate in the host cell nucleus, intranuclear pathways are usurped for viral gene expression. The eight genomic viral ribonucleoproteins (vRNPs) segments of IAV are transcribed and two generate viral mRNAs (M and NS) that undergo alternative splicing followed by export from the nucleus. The focus of this review is on viral RNA splicing and nuclear export. Recent mechanistic advances on M and NS splicing show differential regulation by RNA-binding proteins as well as distinct intranuclear localization. After a review of IAV splicing, we will discuss the nuclear export of viral mRNAs, which occur by interacting with specific constituents of the host mRNA export machinery that translocate viral mRNAs through the nuclear pore complex for translation in the cytoplasm.
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