Therapeutically targeting CD138, a define multiple myeloma (MM) antigen, is not yet approved for patients. We here developed and determined the preclinical efficacy of VIS832, a novel therapeutic monoclonal antibody (MoAb) with differentiated CD138 target binding to BB4 that is anti-CD138 MoAb scaffold for indatuximab ravtansine (BT062). VIS832 demonstrated enhanced CD138-binding avidity and significantly improved potency to kill MM cell lines and autologous patient MM cells regardless of resistance to current standard-of-care therapies, via robust antibody-dependent cellular cytotoxicity and phagocytosis mediated by NK and macrophage effector cells, respectively. Specifically, CD38-targeting daratumumab-resistant MM cells were highly susceptible to VIS832 which, unlike daratumumab, spares NK cells. Superior maximal cytolysis of VIS832 vs. daratumumab corresponded to higher CD138 vs. CD38 levels in MM cells. Furthermore, VIS832 acted synergistically with lenalidomide or bortezomib to deplete MM cells. Importantly, VIS832 at a sub-optimal dose inhibited disseminated MM1S tumors in vivo as monotherapy (P < 0.0001), and rapidly eradicated myeloma burden in all mice concomitantly receiving bortezomib, with 100% host survival. Taken together, these data strongly support clinical development of VIS832, alone and in combination, for the therapeutic treatment of MM in relapsed and refractory patients while pointing to its potential therapeutic use earlier in disease intervention.
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