VLA-4 integrin cross-linking on human monocytic THP-1 cells induces tissue factor expression by a mechanism involving mitogen-activated protein kinase

Ian D. McGilvray, Ziyue Lu, Richard Bitar, Alan P B Dackiw, Christopher J. Davreux, Ori D. Rotstein

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69 Scopus citations


Adhesion molecules such as VLA-4 are important not only for monocyte adhesion to extracellular matrix proteins, but also for subsequent cell activation. Monocyte adherence to fibronectin or engagement of VLA-4 has been demonstrated to stimulate production of potent inflammatory mediators such as tumor necrosis factor-α, interleukin-1, and the procoagulant tissue factor protein. However, the intracellular signaling cascades leading to gene expression have not been elucidated. Using the human monocytic THP-1 cell line, VLA-4 cross-linking by monoclonal antibodies directed against its α4 and β1 subunits produced a time-dependent increase in tyrosine phosphorylation of a broad range of cellular proteins. Using Western blot analysis directed against the phosphorylated form of the extracellular signal-related kinase (ERK) mitogen-activated protein (MAP) kinase proteins, as well as immunoprecipitation and in vitro kinase assays, we found that VLA- 4 cross-linking increased ERK1/ERK2 tyrosine phosphorylation and activity. In conjunction, integrin cross-linking also increased NF-κB nuclear translocation and 4-h expression of tissue factor. Inhibition of tyrosine kinase activity with genistein (10 μg/ml) as well as selective MAP kinase inhibition with the MEK-1 inhibitor PD98059 abolished the VLA-4-dependent ERK tyrosine phosphorylation, inhibited NF κB nuclear binding, and abrogated tissue factor expression induced by both VLA-4 cross-linking and adhesion to fibronectin in THP-1 cells and human peripheral blood monocytes. These studies point to the involvement of the MAP kinase pathway in the activation of monocytic cells during transmigration to inflammatory sites.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)10287-10294
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Issue number15
StatePublished - Apr 11 1997


ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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