Purpose: Madelung's deformity is usually recognized near the completion of skeletal growth and corrective osteotomy of the radius is frequently performed to treat the deformity and reduce pain. This study reviewed the clinical and radiographic results of a volar approach, ligament release, and dome osteotomy technique for treatment of this deformity. Methods: Between 1990 and 2000, 26 wrists in 18 patients were treated with a volar ligament release and dome osteotomy of the distal radius. The average age of the patients at the time of surgery was 13 years. All patients were available for review at an average of 23 months after surgery. Radiographs before surgery and at final follow-up evaluation were analyzed for the extent of correction. Results: All patients treated with this corrective osteotomy reported a reduction in pain and improved appearance. Patients showed improvements in forearm supination and wrist extension, with no loss of pronation or flexion. Improvements in the radiographic parameters of radial inclination and lunate subsidence also were observed. Four wrists required concurrent ulnar-sided surgery, and 3 additional wrists required staged ulnar shortening. One patient required a Darrach resection 3 years after the index procedure. Conclusions: The results of volar dome osteotomy provide improved range of motion, improved appearance, radiographic correction, and pain relief while preserving soft-tissue support for radial rotation around the distal ulna. Long-term follow-up evaluation is ongoing. Level of Evidence: Therapeutic, Level IV.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Orthopedics and Sports Medicine