Welcome back Mr. Rudkin: Differentiating Papilio zelicaon and Papilio polyxenes in Southern California (Lepidoptera: Papilionidae)

Kojiro Shiraiwa, Nick V. Grishin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

We studied wing pattern characters to distinguish closely related sympatric species Papilio zelicaon Lucas, 1852 and Papilio polyxenes Fabricius, 1775 in Southern California, and developed a morphometric method based on the ventral black postmedian band. Application of this method to the holotype of Papilio [Zolicaon variety] Coloro W. G. Wright. 1905. the name currently applied to the P. polyxenes populations, revealed that it is a P. zelicaon specimen. The name for western US polyxenes subspecies thus becomes Papilio polyxenes ritdkini (F. & R. Chermock, 1981). reinstated status, and we place coloro as a junior subjective synonym of P. zelicaon. Furthermore, we sequenced mitochondrial DNACOI barcodes of rudkim and coloro holotypes and compared them with those of polyxenes and zelicaon specimens, confirming rudkini as polyxenes and coloro as zelicaon.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)422-428
Number of pages7
JournalZootaxa
Volume4877
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 11 2020

Keywords

  • Deseit. sister species
  • Field marks
  • Swallowtail butterflies
  • Taxonomy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
  • Animal Science and Zoology

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Welcome back Mr. Rudkin: Differentiating Papilio zelicaon and Papilio polyxenes in Southern California (Lepidoptera: Papilionidae)'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this