Rationale and Objectives. In this review article, we present the definition and useful concepts of evidence-based medicine (EBM). The principles of EBM are provided and major steps of practicing EBM are described. Materials and Methods. We emphasize the importance of the Cochrane Collaboration (see http://www.cochrane.org), which initiated the research and practice in this area. Because it can be difficult to systematically access and review individual research studies, it is often useful to focus on a critical overview of clinical trials by conducting a meta-analysis. Results. Useful literature and resources related to meta-analysis are provided. Conclusion. Statistical methods for evaluating radiologic diagnostic performances derived from meta-analysis are summarized, with a special focus on summary outcomes measures.
- Evidence-based medicine
- Evidence-based radiology
- Receiver operating characteristic curve
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging