White matter microstructure across brain-based biotypes for psychosis – findings from the bipolar-schizophrenia network for intermediate phenotypes

Sinead Kelly, Synthia Guimond, Ofer Pasternak, Olivia Lutz, Paulo Lizano, Suheyla Cetin-Karayumak, John A. Sweeney, Godfrey Pearlson, Brett A. Clementz, Jennifer E. McDowell, Carol A. Tamminga, Martha E. Shenton, Matcheri S. Keshavan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The B-SNIP consortium identified three brain-based Biotypes across the psychosis spectrum, independent of clinical phenomenology. To externally validate the Biotype model, we used free-water fractional volume (FW) and free-water corrected fractional anisotropy (FAT) to compare white matter differences across Biotypes and clinical diagnoses. Diffusion tensor imaging data from 167 individuals were included: 41 healthy controls, 55 schizophrenia probands, 47 schizoaffective disorder probands, and 24 probands with psychotic bipolar disorder. Compared to healthy controls, FAt reductions were observed in the body of corpus callosum (BCC) for schizoaffective disorder (d = 0.91) and schizophrenia (d = 0.64). Grouping by Biotype, Biotype 1 showed FAt reductions in the CC and fornix, with largest effect in the BCC (d = 0.87). Biotype 2 showed significant FAt reductions in the BCC (d = 0.90). Schizoaffective disorder individuals had elevated FW in the CC, fornix and anterior corona radiata (ACR), with largest effect in the BCC (d = 0.79). Biotype 2 showed elevated FW in the CC, fornix and ACR, with largest effect in the BCC (d = 0.94). While significant diagnosis comparisons were observed, overall greater discrimination from healthy controls was observed for lower FAt in Biotype 1 and elevated FW in Biotype 2. However, between-group differences were modest, with one region (cerebral peduncle) showing a between-Biotype effect. No between-group effects were observed for diagnosis groupings.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number111234
JournalPsychiatry Research - Neuroimaging
Volume308
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 28 2021

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience (miscellaneous)
  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

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