Rationale and Objectives: Sliding-window conjugate-gradient highly constrained back-projection reconstruction (SW-CG-HYPR) allows whole left ventricular coverage, improved temporal and spatial resolution, and signal-to-noise ratio compared to the conventional 3-slice saturation recovery turbo-fast low-angle shot (SR-Turbo-FLASH) sequence. We prospectively compared the diagnostic value of whole leftventricular coverage myocardial perfusion magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and conventional 3-slice technique in patients with suspected coronary artery disease (CAD). Materials and Methods: Thirty consecutive patients with suspected CAD who were scheduled for coronary angiography underwent myocardial perfusion MRI with both SW-CG-HYPR and SR-Turbo-FLASH in random order at 3.0 T. Perfusion defects were interpreted visually by two blinded observers and were correlated to x-ray angiographic stenoses ≥50%. Receiver-operating characteristic curve analysis was used to compare the diagnostic performance of the two imaging techniques. Results: The image quality score of SW-CG-HYPR was significantly higher than that of SR-Turbo-FLASH (3.4 ± 0.6 vs 3.0 ± 0.7, respectively; p < 0.05). In the per-patient analysis, SW-CG-HYPR provided a higher sensitivity (94% vs 89%), specificity (83% vs 75%), and diagnostic accuracy (90% vs 83%) for the detection of CAD than SR-Turbo-FLASH. In the per-vessel analysis, the diagnostic performance of SW-CG-HYPR was significantly greater than that of SR-Turbo-FLASH for the overall detection of CAD (area under receiver-operating characteristic curve: 0.96 ± 0.02 vs 0.90 ± 0.03, respectively; p < 0.05). Conclusion: Whole left ventricular coverage myocardial perfusion MRI has higher diagnostic accuracy compared to conventional 3-slice technique for the detection of suspected CAD.
- Coronary artery disease
- Magnetic resonance imaging
- Myocardial perfusion
- Whole left ventricular coverage
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging