5,14-HEDGE, a 20-HETE mimetic, reverses hypotension and improves survival in a rodent model of septic shock: Contribution of soluble epoxide hydrolase, CYP2C23, MEK1/ERK1/2/IKKβ/IκB-α/NF-κB pathway, and proinflammatory cytokine formation

Bahar Tunctan, Belma Korkmaz, Ayse Nihal Sari, Meltem Kacan, Demet Unsal, Mehmet Sami Serin, C. Kemal Buharalioglu, Seyhan Sahan-Firat, Tuba Cuez, Wolf Hagen Schunck, J R Falck, Kafait U. Malik

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

19 Scopus citations

Abstract

We have previously demonstrated that a stable synthetic analog of 20-HETE, N-[20-hydroxyeicosa-5(Z),14(Z)-dienoyl]glycine (5,14-HEDGE), restores vascular reactivity, blood pressure, and heart rate in endotoxemic rats. The aim of this study was to determine whether decreased renal expression and activity of soluble epoxide hydrolase (sEH), MEK1, ERK1/2, IKKβ, IκB-α, and NF-κB as well as systemic and renal proinflammatory cytokine production associated with increased expression and activity of CYP2C23 contributes to the effect of 5,14-HEDGE to prevent hypotension, tachycardia, inflammation, and mortality in response to systemic administration of lipopolysaccharide (LPS). Blood pressure fell by 33 mmHg and heart rate rose by 57 beats/min in LPS (10 mg/kg, i.p.)-treated rats. Administration of LPS also increased mRNA and protein expression of sEH associated with a decrease in CYP2C23 mRNA and protein expression. Increased activity of sEH and p-MEK1, p-ERK1/2, p-IκB-α, NF-κB, and p-NF-κB protein levels as well as TNF-α and IL-8 production by LPS were also associated with a decreased activity of AA epoxygenases. These effects of LPS were prevented by 5,14-HEDGE (30 mg/kg, s.c.; 1 h after LPS). Treatment of endotoxemic mice with 5,14-HEDGE also raised the survival rate of animals from 84% to 98%. A competitive antagonist of vasoconstrictor effects of 20-HETE, 20-hydroxyeicosa-6(Z),15(Z)-dienoic acid, 20-HEDE (30 mg/kg, s.c.; 1 h after LPS) prevented the effects of 5,14-HEDGE on blood pressure, heart rate, expression and/or activity of sEH, CYP2C23, and ERK1/2 as well as TNF-α and IL-8 levels in rats treated with LPS. These results suggest that decreased expression and/or activity of sEH and MEK1/ERK1/2/IKKβ/IκB-α/NF-κB pathway as well as proinflammatory cytokine production associated with increased CYP2C23 expression and antiinflammatory mediator formation participate in the protective effect of 5,14-HEDGE against hypotension, tachycardia, inflammation, and mortality in the rodent model of septic shock.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)31-41
Number of pages11
JournalProstaglandins and Other Lipid Mediators
Volume102-103
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 14 2013

Keywords

  • CYP2C23
  • Endotoxin
  • Hypotension
  • Inflammation
  • Mortality
  • NF-κB
  • Soluble epoxide hydrolase

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Physiology
  • Pharmacology
  • Cell Biology

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of '5,14-HEDGE, a 20-HETE mimetic, reverses hypotension and improves survival in a rodent model of septic shock: Contribution of soluble epoxide hydrolase, CYP2C23, MEK1/ERK1/2/IKKβ/IκB-α/NF-κB pathway, and proinflammatory cytokine formation'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this