We consider flows of an incompressible Navier–Stokes fluid in a tubular domain with Navier's slip boundary condition imposed on the impermeable wall. We focus on several implementational issues associated with this type of boundary conditions within the framework of the standard Taylor-Hood mixed finite element method and present the computational results for flows in a tubular domain of finite length with one inlet and one outlet. In particular, we present the details regarding variants of the Nitsche method concerning the incorporation of the impermeability condition on the wall. We also find that the manner in which the normal to the boundary is numerically implemented influences the nature of the computational results. As a benchmark, we set up steady flows in a tube of finite length and compare the computational results with the analytical solutions. Finally, we identify various quantities of interest, such as the dissipation, wall shear stress, vorticity, pressure drop, and provide their precise mathematical definitions. We document how well these quantities are computationally approximated in the case of the benchmark. Although the geometry of the benchmark is simple, the correct computational results require careful selection of numerical methods and surprisingly non-trivial computational resources. Our goal is to test, using the setting with a known analytical solution, a robust computational tool that would be suitable for computations on real complex geometries that have relevance to problems in engineering and medicine. The model parameters in our computations are chosen based on flows in large arteries.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Civil and Structural Engineering
- Computational Mechanics
- Mechanical Engineering