A 9-month-old male infant with a history of Down syndrome underwent bilateral medial rectus recession. Two weeks postoperatively, he developed leukocoria of the left eye with a white opacity posterior to the lens, numerous undulations, necrosis, and hemorrhages in the retrolental space. His contralateral eye had white retinal lesions nasally. Ultrasound examination of the left eye showed a funnel retinal detachment, loculated debris, and a small, central, hyperechoic area concerning for calcification. He underwent enucleation because retinoblastoma could not be definitively ruled out. Given this patient's low visual potential, enucleation was a definitive and safe treatment option. Ocular pathology showed significant inflammation and necrosis. There was an area of scleral perforation by a suture adherent to the retina and vitreous, surrounded by inflammatory cells. This case uniquely demonstrates pediatric endophthalmitis following strabismus surgery, secondary to scleral perforation confirmed by histopathological analysis. Care must be taken during scleral passage of sutures to prevent inadvertent scleral perforation and the potential complication of endophthalmitis. [J Pediatr Ophthalmol Strabismus. 2017;54:e37-e41.].
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health