We retrospectively compared the results of treatment with hexamethylmelamine (HMM), cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin, and cisplatin (H-CAP) to treatment results using cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin, and cisplatin (CAP) in patients with advanced ovarian cancer. The treatments were identical in dosage and schedule with the exception of the addition of HMM to one regimen. Fifty-five patients treated with H-CAP between August 1977 and March 1980 were compared with a subsequent group of 22 patients who received CAP between October 1984 and October 1987. Following 6 months of therapy, patients were restaged either with second-look laparotomy or with clinical restaging. Fifty-three of 55 patients (96%) and 14 21 (67%) patients had objective responses to H-CAP and CAP respectively (p = 0.001). The pathologic complete response rate as determined by second-look laparotomy was higher in the patients who received H-CAP (35% vs. 19%). The median survival of patients receiving H-CAP is 47 months compared to 21 months for the CAP patients. In limited residual disease patients (maximum tumor diameter ≤3 cm), the median survival also favored the H-CAP treatment (101 months vs. 21 months, p = 0.002). The median time to progression was greater in patients receiving H-CAP vs. those receiving CAP (67 months vs. 16 months, p = 0.045). Treatment-related toxicity was similar for the two regimens. These findings suggest that the addition of HMM to CAP chemotherapy prolongs the median survival for patients with limited residual disease advanced ovarian cancer.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging