A little bit faster: Lower extremity joint kinematics and kinetics as recreational runners achieve faster speeds

Michael S. Orendurff, Toshiki Kobayashi, Kirsten Tulchin-Francis, Ann Marie Herring Tullock, Chris Villarosa, Charles Chan, Siobhan Strike

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

9 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

There appears a linear relationship between small increases in running speed and cardiovascular health benefits. Encouraging or coaching recreational runners to increase their running speed to derive these health benefits might be more effective if their joint level kinematic and kinetic strategy was understood. The aim of this investigation was to compare the peak sagittal plane motions, moments, and powers of the hip, knee and ankle at 85%, 100%, 115% and 130% of self-selected running speed. Overground running data were collected in 12 recreational runners (6 women, 6 men) with a full body marker set using a 12-camera Vicon MX system with an AMTI force plate. Kinematics and kinetics were analyzed with Vicon Nexus software. Participants chose to run at 2.6 ± 0.5 m/s (85%); 3.0 ± 0.5 m/s (100%); 3.3 ± 0.5 m/s (115%); and 3.7 ± 0.5 m/s (130%); these four speeds approximately correspond to 6:24-, 5:33-, 5:03-, and 4:30-min kilometer running paces. Running speed had a significant effect (P < 0.05) on peak kinematic and kinetic variables of the hips, knees and ankles, with peak sagittal hip moments invariant (P > 0.54) and the peak sagittal ankle power generation (P < 0.0001) the most highly responsive variable. The timing of the peak sagittal extensor moments and powers at the hip, knee and ankle were distributed across stance in a sequential manner. This study shows that running speed affects lower limb joint kinematics and kinetics and suggests that specific intersegmental kinetic strategies might exist across the narrow range of running speeds.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalJournal of Biomechanics
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - Jan 1 2018

Fingerprint

Biomechanical Phenomena
Lower Extremity
Kinematics
Joints
Ankle
Kinetics
Insurance Benefits
Hip
Knee
Health
Software
Power generation
Cameras

Keywords

  • Health benefits
  • Inverse dynamics
  • Jogging
  • Moments
  • Powers

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biophysics
  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine
  • Biomedical Engineering
  • Rehabilitation

Cite this

A little bit faster : Lower extremity joint kinematics and kinetics as recreational runners achieve faster speeds. / Orendurff, Michael S.; Kobayashi, Toshiki; Tulchin-Francis, Kirsten; Tullock, Ann Marie Herring; Villarosa, Chris; Chan, Charles; Strike, Siobhan.

In: Journal of Biomechanics, 01.01.2018.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Orendurff, Michael S. ; Kobayashi, Toshiki ; Tulchin-Francis, Kirsten ; Tullock, Ann Marie Herring ; Villarosa, Chris ; Chan, Charles ; Strike, Siobhan. / A little bit faster : Lower extremity joint kinematics and kinetics as recreational runners achieve faster speeds. In: Journal of Biomechanics. 2018.
@article{661c292101ac4569a51b937fa3e400b6,
title = "A little bit faster: Lower extremity joint kinematics and kinetics as recreational runners achieve faster speeds",
abstract = "There appears a linear relationship between small increases in running speed and cardiovascular health benefits. Encouraging or coaching recreational runners to increase their running speed to derive these health benefits might be more effective if their joint level kinematic and kinetic strategy was understood. The aim of this investigation was to compare the peak sagittal plane motions, moments, and powers of the hip, knee and ankle at 85{\%}, 100{\%}, 115{\%} and 130{\%} of self-selected running speed. Overground running data were collected in 12 recreational runners (6 women, 6 men) with a full body marker set using a 12-camera Vicon MX system with an AMTI force plate. Kinematics and kinetics were analyzed with Vicon Nexus software. Participants chose to run at 2.6 ± 0.5 m/s (85{\%}); 3.0 ± 0.5 m/s (100{\%}); 3.3 ± 0.5 m/s (115{\%}); and 3.7 ± 0.5 m/s (130{\%}); these four speeds approximately correspond to 6:24-, 5:33-, 5:03-, and 4:30-min kilometer running paces. Running speed had a significant effect (P < 0.05) on peak kinematic and kinetic variables of the hips, knees and ankles, with peak sagittal hip moments invariant (P > 0.54) and the peak sagittal ankle power generation (P < 0.0001) the most highly responsive variable. The timing of the peak sagittal extensor moments and powers at the hip, knee and ankle were distributed across stance in a sequential manner. This study shows that running speed affects lower limb joint kinematics and kinetics and suggests that specific intersegmental kinetic strategies might exist across the narrow range of running speeds.",
keywords = "Health benefits, Inverse dynamics, Jogging, Moments, Powers",
author = "Orendurff, {Michael S.} and Toshiki Kobayashi and Kirsten Tulchin-Francis and Tullock, {Ann Marie Herring} and Chris Villarosa and Charles Chan and Siobhan Strike",
year = "2018",
month = "1",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1016/j.jbiomech.2018.02.010",
language = "English (US)",
journal = "Journal of Biomechanics",
issn = "0021-9290",
publisher = "Elsevier Limited",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - A little bit faster

T2 - Lower extremity joint kinematics and kinetics as recreational runners achieve faster speeds

AU - Orendurff, Michael S.

AU - Kobayashi, Toshiki

AU - Tulchin-Francis, Kirsten

AU - Tullock, Ann Marie Herring

AU - Villarosa, Chris

AU - Chan, Charles

AU - Strike, Siobhan

PY - 2018/1/1

Y1 - 2018/1/1

N2 - There appears a linear relationship between small increases in running speed and cardiovascular health benefits. Encouraging or coaching recreational runners to increase their running speed to derive these health benefits might be more effective if their joint level kinematic and kinetic strategy was understood. The aim of this investigation was to compare the peak sagittal plane motions, moments, and powers of the hip, knee and ankle at 85%, 100%, 115% and 130% of self-selected running speed. Overground running data were collected in 12 recreational runners (6 women, 6 men) with a full body marker set using a 12-camera Vicon MX system with an AMTI force plate. Kinematics and kinetics were analyzed with Vicon Nexus software. Participants chose to run at 2.6 ± 0.5 m/s (85%); 3.0 ± 0.5 m/s (100%); 3.3 ± 0.5 m/s (115%); and 3.7 ± 0.5 m/s (130%); these four speeds approximately correspond to 6:24-, 5:33-, 5:03-, and 4:30-min kilometer running paces. Running speed had a significant effect (P < 0.05) on peak kinematic and kinetic variables of the hips, knees and ankles, with peak sagittal hip moments invariant (P > 0.54) and the peak sagittal ankle power generation (P < 0.0001) the most highly responsive variable. The timing of the peak sagittal extensor moments and powers at the hip, knee and ankle were distributed across stance in a sequential manner. This study shows that running speed affects lower limb joint kinematics and kinetics and suggests that specific intersegmental kinetic strategies might exist across the narrow range of running speeds.

AB - There appears a linear relationship between small increases in running speed and cardiovascular health benefits. Encouraging or coaching recreational runners to increase their running speed to derive these health benefits might be more effective if their joint level kinematic and kinetic strategy was understood. The aim of this investigation was to compare the peak sagittal plane motions, moments, and powers of the hip, knee and ankle at 85%, 100%, 115% and 130% of self-selected running speed. Overground running data were collected in 12 recreational runners (6 women, 6 men) with a full body marker set using a 12-camera Vicon MX system with an AMTI force plate. Kinematics and kinetics were analyzed with Vicon Nexus software. Participants chose to run at 2.6 ± 0.5 m/s (85%); 3.0 ± 0.5 m/s (100%); 3.3 ± 0.5 m/s (115%); and 3.7 ± 0.5 m/s (130%); these four speeds approximately correspond to 6:24-, 5:33-, 5:03-, and 4:30-min kilometer running paces. Running speed had a significant effect (P < 0.05) on peak kinematic and kinetic variables of the hips, knees and ankles, with peak sagittal hip moments invariant (P > 0.54) and the peak sagittal ankle power generation (P < 0.0001) the most highly responsive variable. The timing of the peak sagittal extensor moments and powers at the hip, knee and ankle were distributed across stance in a sequential manner. This study shows that running speed affects lower limb joint kinematics and kinetics and suggests that specific intersegmental kinetic strategies might exist across the narrow range of running speeds.

KW - Health benefits

KW - Inverse dynamics

KW - Jogging

KW - Moments

KW - Powers

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85042167983&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85042167983&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/j.jbiomech.2018.02.010

DO - 10.1016/j.jbiomech.2018.02.010

M3 - Article

C2 - 29472010

AN - SCOPUS:85042167983

JO - Journal of Biomechanics

JF - Journal of Biomechanics

SN - 0021-9290

ER -