A one-step method of 10,17-dihydro(pero)xydocosahexa-4Z,7Z,11E,13Z,15E,19Z- enoic acid synthesis by soybean lipoxygenase

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Abstract

A product of lipoxygenase (LOX) oxidation of docosahexaenoic acid (DHA), 10,17-dihydro(pero)xydocosahexa-4Z,7Z,11E,13Z,15E,19Z-enoic acid [10,17(S)-diH(P)DHA] was obtained through various reaction pathways that involved DHA, 17(S)-hydro(pero)xydocosahexa-4Z,7Z,11Z,13Z,15E,19Z-enoic acid [17(S)-H(P)DHA], soybean lipoxygenase (sLOX), and potato tuber lipoxygenase (ptLOX) in various combinations. The structure of the product was confirmed by HPLC, ultraviolet (UV) light spectrometry, GC-MS, tandem MS, and NMR spectroscopy. It has been found that 10,17(S)-diH(P)DHA formed by sLOX through direct oxidation of either DHA or 17(S)-H(P)DHA was apparently identical to the product of ptLOX oxidation of the latter. The sLOX- and ptLOX-derived samples of 10,17-diHDHAs coeluted under the conditions of normal, reverse, and chiral phase HPLC analyses, displayed identical UV absorption spectra with maxima at 260, 270, and 280 nm, and had similar one-dimensional and two-dimensional proton NMR spectra. Analysis of their NMR spectra led to the conclusion that 10,17-diHDHA formed by sLOX had solely 11E,13Z,15E configuration of the conjugated triene fragment, which was identical to the previously published structure of its ptLOX-derived counterpart. Based on the cis,trans geometry of the reaction products, the conclusion is made that in the tested conditions sLOX catalyzed direct double dioxygenation of DHA. Compared with the previously described two-enzyme method that involved sLOX and ptLOX, the current simplified one-enzyme procedure uses only sLOX as the catalyst of both dioxygenation steps.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)854-863
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of lipid research
Volume47
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 1 2006

Keywords

  • 10,17(S)-docosatriene
  • 10,17-dihydroxydocosahexaenoic acid
  • Docosahexaenoic acid
  • Mass spectrometry
  • Neuroprotectin D1
  • Nuclear magnetic resonance
  • Protectin D1

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Endocrinology
  • Cell Biology

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