The spindle assembly checkpoint factors Bub3 and BuGZ play critical roles in mitotic process, but little is known about their roles in other cellular processes in eukaryotes. In aerobic organisms, transcriptional regulation of catalase genes in response to developmental or environmental stimuli is necessary for redox homeostasis. Here, we demonstrate that Bub3 and BuGZ negatively regulate cat-3 transcription in the model filamentous fungus Neurospora crassa. The absence of Bub3 caused a significant decrease in BuGZ protein levels. Our data indicate that BuGZ and Bub3 interact directly via the GLEBS domain of BuGZ. Despite loss of the interaction, the amount of BuGZ mutant protein negatively correlated with the cat-3 expression level, indicating that BuGZ amount rather than Bub3-BuGZ interaction determines cat-3 transcription level. Further experiments demonstrated that BuGZ binds directly to the cat-3 gene and responses to cat-3 overexpression induced by oxidative stresses. However, the zinc finger domains of BuGZ have no effects on DNA binding, although mutations of these highly conserved domains lead to loss of cat-3 repression. The deposition of BuGZ along cat-3 chromatin hindered the recruitment of transcription activators GCN4/CPC1 and NC2 complex, thereby preventing the assembly of the transcriptional machinery. Taken together, our results establish a mechanism for how mitotic proteins Bub3 and BuGZ functions in transcriptional regulation in a eukaryotic organism.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
- Molecular Biology
- Cancer Research