Ablation of NF1 function in neurons induces abnormal development of cerebral cortex and reactive gliosis in the brain

Y. Zhu, M. I. Romero, P. Ghosh, Z. Ye, P. Charnay, E. J. Rushing, J. D. Marth, L. F. Parada

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

378 Scopus citations

Abstract

Neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF1) is a prevalent genetic disorder that affects growth properties of neural-crest-derived cell populations. In addition, approximately one-half of NF1 patients exhibit learning disabilities. To characterize NF1 function both in vitro and in vivo, we circumvent the embryonic lethality of NF1 null mouse embryos by generating a conditional mutation in the NF1 gene using Cre/loxP technology. Introduction of a Synapsin I promoter driven Cre transgenic mouse strain into the conditional NF1 background has ablated NF1 function in most differentiated neuronal populations. These mice have abnormal development of the cerebral cortex, which suggests that NF1 has an indispensable role in this aspect of CNS development. Furthermore, although they are tumor free, these mice display extensive astrogliosis in the absence of conspicuous neurodegeneration or microgliosis. These results indicate that NF1-deficient neurons are capable of inducing reactive astrogliosis via a non-cell autonomous mechanism.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)859-876
Number of pages18
JournalGenes and Development
Volume15
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 1 2001

Keywords

  • Animal models
  • Astrogliosis
  • Knockouts
  • Neurofibromatosis
  • Tumor suppressor

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Genetics
  • Developmental Biology

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    Zhu, Y., Romero, M. I., Ghosh, P., Ye, Z., Charnay, P., Rushing, E. J., Marth, J. D., & Parada, L. F. (2001). Ablation of NF1 function in neurons induces abnormal development of cerebral cortex and reactive gliosis in the brain. Genes and Development, 15(7), 859-876. https://doi.org/10.1101/gad.862101