Management of type 1 diabetes in adolescence is a complex task requiring self-control within individual and interpersonal domains. This is similarly requisite for academic achievement. Grade point average (GPA) was examined as a barometer of diabetes management reflective of self-control in a challenging daily context. Adolescents with type 1 diabetes (n = 172) completed questionnaires on self-control, self-efficacy, parent/peer relationships, and adherence, while mothers reported GPA. Self-control, self-efficacy, and parent/peer relationships predicted GPA, adherence and HbA1c. GPA predicted HbA1c above and beyond adherence and self-control predictors. GPA may be a valuable indicator of individual and interpersonal self-control processes required for diabetes management.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
- Developmental and Educational Psychology
- Clinical Psychology