A 3-year-old girl presented with ataxia, dilated pupils, and behavioral change prompting work up for stroke. Her medical history included chronic mydriasis and patent ductus arteriosus requiring aortoplasty. Magnetic resonance imaging of the brain demonstrated confluent white matter signal abnormality concerning for leukodystrophy. Magnetic resonance angiography revealed a cerebral vessel arteriopathy with a “broomstick appearance” and other neuroradiographic findings consistent with ACTA2 mutation. Pathogenic Arg179His ACTA2 mutation was confirmed in the patient. ACTA2-related leukovasculopathy should be considered during workup of patients with abnormal white matter (eg, leukodystrophies), childhood stroke, and arteriopathies. Recognizing the combination of commonly associated physical and medical conditions associated with radiographic features of this neurogenetic condition will prompt appropriate care and screening for comorbidities associated with this disorder.
- Pediatric stroke
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging