The purpose of this study was to better understand the sociocultural and logistical treatment needs and barriers of low-income Latinx suicidal youth; and to solicit feedback and identify best practices to adapt and implement a suicide treatment program for this population in a community mental health clinic. Working with the largest mental health care provider for urban area under- and uninsured patients, we conducted semi-structured interviews with Latinx suicidal youth (n = 6), their parents (n = 6), and clinical staff (n = 8). Interviews were audio-recorded, transcribed, and analyzed thematically using a deductively-driven codebook corresponding to interview domains. We supplemented semi-structured interview findings with knowledge gleaned from an exhaustive literature search, including best practice findings from other studies. We also conducted a brief provider survey to ensure a diverse sample. Many parents and providers focused on several unmet mental health needs and multiple barriers to accessing treatment that are common among uninsured populations: a need to prioritize parent and adolescent work schedules, lack of transportation, unstable housing, and unmet childcare needs. Additionally, participants described several factors that play a critical role in treatment: stigma, religion, fear related to immigration, gender roles, and acculturation. We mapped these findings, along with literature-identified best practices, to create components of a culturally-tailored adaptation. We combined primary and secondary evidence of Latinx suicidal youth and families’ mental health needs and barriers to treatment to propose a tailored adaption of an intensive outpatient program that provides transdiagnostic, suicide-specific care to Latinx adolescents and families in a community setting.
- Latinx youth
- Suicide intervention
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Developmental and Educational Psychology
- Life-span and Life-course Studies