Adenylate cyclase activity in neocortex and fetal zone membrane fractions of the human fetal adrenal gland

B. C. Carr, J. Milburn, E. E. Wright, E. R. Simpson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

Whether peptide hormones other than ACTH may be responsible for the difference in size or rate and pattern of steroidogenesis of the fetal zone (FZ) compared to those of the neocortex (NC) of the human fetal adrenal gland is controversial. In the present investigation, the activity of adenylate cyclase in membrane fractions of separated zones of the human fetal adrenal gland was determined. Basal adenylate cyclase activity was 2- to 3-fold greater in NC than in FZ membrane fractions. The addition of ACTH-(1-24) stimulated adenylate cyclase activity in both zones, but the activity was more sensitive to ACTH (10-10 M) in NC fractions than in FZ fractions (10-7 M). In addition to ACTH-(1-24), the effect of other ACTH-related peptides on the activity of adenylate cyclase in the separated zones of the adrenal gland was investigated. 16K fragments 2-36, (γ3)(MSH), αMSH, β-endorphin, leu-enkephalin, and met-enkephalin, as well as hCG, FSH, prostaglandin E2, prostaglandin F(2α), epinephrine, and norepinephrine did not stimulate adenylate cyclase activity in either zone. It is concluded that basal and ACTH-(1-24)-stimulated adenylate cyclase activities are greater in NC than in FZ membrane fractions. In addition, the results of the present investigation do not support the concept that other ACTH-related peptides or peptide or protein hormones increase steroidogenesis by stimulating adenylate cyclase activity in the human fetal adrenal gland.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)718-722
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
Volume60
Issue number4
StatePublished - 1985

Fingerprint

Extraembryonic Membranes
Neocortex
Adrenal Glands
Adenylyl Cyclases
Membranes
Cosyntropin
Adrenocorticotropic Hormone
Melanocyte-Stimulating Hormones
Peptides
Endorphins
Leucine Enkephalin
Methionine Enkephalin
Peptide Hormones
Prostaglandins F
Dinoprostone
Human Activities
Epinephrine
Norepinephrine
Hormones

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism

Cite this

Adenylate cyclase activity in neocortex and fetal zone membrane fractions of the human fetal adrenal gland. / Carr, B. C.; Milburn, J.; Wright, E. E.; Simpson, E. R.

In: Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism, Vol. 60, No. 4, 1985, p. 718-722.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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