Adoption of rescue colloid during burn resuscitation decreases fluid administered and restores end-organ perfusion

Paul Comish, Maura Walsh, Manuel Castillo-Angeles, Kali Kuhlenschmidt, Deborah Carlson, Brett Arnoldo, John Kubasiak

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Introduction: Traditionally, lactated Ringer's solution (LR) has been utilized for the resuscitation of thermally injured patients via the Parkland or Brooke formulas. Both of these formulas include colloid supplementation after 24 h of resuscitation. Recently, the addition of albumin within the initial resuscitation has been reported to decrease fluid creep and hourly fluids given. Our institution has previously advocated for a crystalloid-driven resuscitation. Given reports of improved outcomes with albumin, we pragmatically adjusted these practices and present our findings for doing so. Methods: Our burn registry, consisting of prospectively collected patient data, was queried for those at least 18 years of age who, between July 2017 and December 2018, sustained a thermal injury and completed a formal resuscitation (24 h). At the attending physician's discretion, rescue colloid was administered using 25% albumin for those failing to respond to traditional resuscitation (patients with sustained urine output of <0.5 mL/kg over 2–3 h, or unstable vital signs and ongoing fluid administration). We compared the total volume of the crystalloid-only and rescue colloid resuscitation fluids given to patients. We also examined the in/out fluid balances during resuscitation. Statistical analysis was performed using Stata software. Results: A total of 91 patients with thermal injuries were included: the median age was 40 (IQR 31–57), 73% were male, and 30 patients received rescue albumin. The percentage of total body surface area burned (%TBSA) was greater in those who received rescue albumin (40.3% vs. 34%; p = 0.047). Despite a higher %TBSA in the albumin group, the total LR given during resuscitation was not significantly different between groups (15,914.43 mL vs. 11,828.71 mL; p = 0.129) even when normalized for TBSA and weight (ml LR/kg/%TBSA: 4.31 vs. 3.66; p = 0.129. The average in/out fluid ratio for the rescue group was higher than for the crystalloid group (0.83 ± 0.05 vs. 0.59 ± 0.11; p = 0.06) and returned to normal after colloid administration. Conclusion: Rescue albumin administration decreases the amount of fluid administered per %TBSA during resuscitation, and also increases end organ function as evidenced by increased urinary output. These effects occurred in patients who sustained larger burns and failed to respond to traditional crystalloid resuscitation. Our findings led us to modify our current protocol and a related prospective study of clinical outcomes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalBurns
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - 2021

Keywords

  • Albumin
  • Burn injury
  • Colloid resuscitation
  • Fluid creep

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Emergency Medicine
  • Critical Care and Intensive Care Medicine

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