Posttraumatic tibial osteomyelitis results from trauma or nosocomial infection from the treatment of trauma that allows organisms to enter bone, proliferate in traumatized tissue, and cause subsequent bone infection. The resulting infection is usually polymicrobial. The patient may be classified using the May and the Cierny-Mader classification systems. The diagnosis is based on the isolation of the pathogen(s) from the bone, or blood cultures. Appropriate therapy of posttraumatic tibial osteomyelitis includes adequate drainage, thorough debridement, obliteration of dead space, stabilization when necessary, wound protection, and specific antimicrobial therapy.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Orthopedics and Sports Medicine